The way certain things are done these days is not the same way these things were done in the past. There are several reasons why this is the case. One of the main reasons why this is the case is the advancement in technology. With the advancement of technology, there are a number of things that we have been able to achieve in the past several years. For instance, nowadays there are vertical take-off and landing vehicles commonly referred to as VTOL.
The development of vertical take-off and landing vehicles is something that is still ongoing. However, there are some of these aircraft that are there today. One thing about vertical take-off and landing vehicles is that they do not require a runaway. This is very helpful considering the costs of constructing and maintaining a runway. These future aircraft will not need ab horizontal space since they will be able to take-off and land from the space spot. Hence the name vertical take-off and landing vehicles. Unfortunately, achieving this is not going to be an easy thing to do.
One might ask themselves how the Airbus vtol vehicles work. One thing that you should note is that all flying machines operate by generating lift. This is the force that counteracts the weight of the aircraft in question. As stated above, this technology is being under scrutiny and development. However, there are some common aircraft that are operated and fall into this category. One good example is the helicopters. The helicopter is a common and well-known design. A helicopter does not require a horizontal space to take off. This is one of the advantages associated with helicopters.
There are two technologies of vertical take-off and landing aircraft that are in services today. These are rotorcrafts and power-lift vehicles. One thing about rotorcrafts is that they generate a vertical using blades that revolve around a central mast. A rotor is a group of blades mounted together on a single mast. Hence the name rotorcraft. The helicopter operates on the Bernoulli principle. It heavily relies on the speed and pressure of air.
We also have power-lift which includes convertiplane, as well as, vectored thrust vehicles. Their take-off and landing primarily depend on nonrotating devices which as fixed wings, unlike he rotorcrafts. These are used to sustain their horizontal flight. In some cases, these aircraft deploy rotors to drive their lift during their launch and landing operations. Learn more about these vehicles at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compressed-air_vehicle.